ARCHITECTURAL ORGANIZATION OF SOCIAL CLUSTERS IN BURUNDI
Ms Fiona Kavakure
Full Name:Fiona Kavakure
City: Bujumbura Country: Burundi
Field of study: Architecture and History of Arts
Degree type : 3rd Cycle(Master and PHD)
Year of graduation: 2014
Name: Voronezh State University of Architecture and civil engineering
Country: Russia Town: Voronezh
I. FULL IDENTITY:
Name and Surname : KAVAKURE Fiona
Date of birth : 29 march 1986
Place of birth : Ngagara-BUJUMBURA
Nationality : Burundian
Gender : Female
Passport N° : OP0004723
Current Address : Ul. 20letia Oktiabrya, Dom81, Voronezh 394006 - Russia
Cellphone number : 007 952 55 22 317 (Russia/Voronezh)
E-mail address : firstname.lastname@example.org
2008-2014 Voronezh State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering
1. Master’s Diploma in Architecture with Honor
2. Diploma of best master’s graduate student in architecture
3. Bachelor's Diploma in Architecture with Honor
4. Certificate for teaching Russian as a foreign language
2007-2008 2nd year at Light University of Bujumbura – Bujumbura – Burundi
1. Diploma for Associate Degree in Computer Science
2006-2007 Preparatory year for Russian language at the Voronezh State Technological Academy – Voronezh – Russia
2005-2006 1st year at Light University of Bujumbura – Burundi
1998-2005 Secondary school at The Lyceum of The Holy Spirit – Bujumbura – Burundi
1. General Education Diploma (Math/Physic)
2. State Diploma
1993-1998 Primary school at St. Michael the Archangel School – Bujumbura– Burundi Certificate
III. FINAL YEAR PROJECTS
Bachelor - 2013: Tourıstıc Resort for Bururı - Burundı
Masters - 2014: Archıtectural Organızatıon of socıal clusters in Burundi
IV. INTRODUCTORY ARCHITECTURE PRACTICE EXPERIENCES:
Training course at the Company of analyzes and Execution in building and Construction (2weeks-Bujumbura/Burundi)
Interior designer for “avtolitmash” reconstruction and renovation project. (320hrs – Voronezh/Russia)
Tour operator at the ITB 2014 (Germany) for “Akeza Tours”.
Environment and natural resource management
People, places and region
Architecture for the poor
VI. LANGUAGES :
Kırundı: natıve language, French: fluent speakıng and writing, English: fluent speakıng and wrıtıng, Russian: very good speakıng and wrıtıng
VII. CONFERENCE PAPERS
Davoodı, T. & Kavakure, F. (2014, Aprıl 5). Preparıng Socıally Responsıble Archıtects for Shelter Deprıvatıon. Paper presented at Unspoken Issues ın Archıtecture Educatıon Conference, North Cyprus. Famagusta: Eastern Medıterranean Unıversıty.
Criterias to contestualize the project
: This project was realized with the aim to help salve the housing problem in Burundi that is of large scale. The research was first directed in studying the building culture in the different locations of Burundi. The king enclosure in Gishora, built in the
character (other interested fields):
Environment & Territory:
Other: vernacular architecture; People places and region; Sustainable development
Project (block 1) - Objectives of the Project*
The objective of this thesis is to create a model of grouped homes or clusters that will be available to low-income residents and to create an environment that will preserve the cultural values and daily activities while using renewable sources of energy, new technology and local building materials. Each cluster would be able to
contain a population of 5000 with the objective to build 100 clusters to rehabilitate 500,000 refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the different provinces of
Burundi with all necessary infrastructure and with government support as well as Burundian and international organizations sponsors.
In few words, these are the main objectives of the project:
Create a cluster with the maximum use of local materials.
Creating energy-economic and environmentally freindly cluster.
Create a cluster that meets the architectural planning standards.
Creating housing that meet people's architectural building tradition.
Creating affordable housing for the lower class and the homeless.
Creating a sustainable cluster with easy access to sanitation, water, health care and education.
Creating a cluster with a minimal amount of
waste and harm to the environment.
efficient in the collection and use of rainwater.
Creating a housing that is efficient in the use of solar energy.
(block 2) : Progress, Methodologies and tools used
for the Project*
The first part of this research is based on quantitative methodology. With the help of already existing materials ( maps, statistics,etc.) found in publications, especially from the UN-Habitat, it was possible to see the level of poverty in Burundi. In this way, a perfect number of the Refugees and IDPs was defined which gave the possibility to know how big the cluster should be.
Also, details on the refugees and IDPs ( age, sex, occupation, level of education,etc.) helped determine what type of zoning the cluster should have and what type of housing should be found in it. It addition, it made it more easier to determine the activities that will be found in the daily life of the cluster's inhabitants.
The qualitative part was manely found in the second and third chapters of this research. In the second chapter which was dedicated to the analysis of the typology of traditional housing in Burundi, a description was made over visual data that were colected from various sources. Later in the third chapter, the description expanded to earlier similar project throughout the East African region. On the basis of these decriptions, it was possible to eleborate preconditions of planning a social cluster in Burundi.
(block 3) - Results *
Based on the analysis carried out in this research,it is possible to geographically illustrate the space of life of a villager as a spot with blurred boundaries: the life of a peasant is subject to natural rhythms; he does not have a permanent "working" space. Living space in the cluster has a linear nodal shape: less labor associated with seasonal rhythms of nature and clearly linked to a particular place : "place of employment". A person living in the cluster suffers from long-term effects of the cluster system, including the whole range of environmental, socio-economic and urban conditions.
Therefore, it is important that the cluster system adjusts itself to its inhabitants.The cluster must be planned according to the daly activities and needs of its future inhabitants. On this bases, it is relevant that a forhand study of the culture and tradition both in building and in daily life was a key factor for the success of the project.
The results of this research can be implemented by the Government of Burundi, with the support of local investors, foreign investors or the World Bank. The results of this study can serve as an answer to the housing problem in Burundi. The government can use it as a program for the development of sustainable architecture for people without housing, in order to improve their lifestyle. Neighboring countries that share the same problems, but perhaps at a different level can also use the results of this research.