Degree & Profession
International Awards


The on-line database for Your Degree Project
Show your work to the professional world

Project title:
DEFINING THE PROTECTION METHODOLOGY FOR THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX

Ms&nbspTamar Meliva
Author
Ms Tamar Meliva

AUTHOR INFORMATION
Full Name:
Tamar Meliva
City:
Tbilisi  Country: Georgia
Email:  tamarameliva@gmail.com

Field of study: Conservation and Restoration 
Degree type : 
1st Cycle(3-4 years)
Year of graduation: 
2011


UNIVERSITY INFORMATION

Name:
Tbilisi State Academy of art
Country: Georgia Town: Tbilisi

CURRICULUM
EDUCATION
2011- present
Faculty of Conservation, Art History and Theory –Restoration and conservation of Architectural Monuments at Tbilisi State Academy of Arts, Master


october, 2012 – march, 2013
Faculty of Architecture – Architecture Heritage Preservation and Enhancement - Polytecnic University of Turin, Master


2007 – 2011
Faculty of Conservation, Art History and Theory –Restoration and conservation of Architectural Monuments at Tbilisi State Academy of Arts, BA

March- June, 2011
Restoration and Conservation of the Architectural Monuments - Faculty of Architecture – “Ludovico Quaroni” at Rome State University “La Sapienza”, (scholarship of Italian Government for the foreign students (IRE)

EXPERIENCE
2013 - present
Tbilisi State Academy of Arts
Tutor on the Faculty of Conservation, Art History and Theory –Restoration and conservation of Architectural Monuments

2013
Art pattern conservation center
Project for the conservation the architectural surfaces of the Metekhi church in Tbilisi, Georgia

2013
Georgian Heritage
Project for the restoration-preservation of the architecture of the church of village Maghraani

2013
Georgian Heritage
Project for the restoration-adaptation of the tower named by N. Nikoladze in Poti, Georgia

2012
Art Pattern Conservation Center
conservation of stone and plaster of Tbilisi Metechi church
– the preliminary study of condition

2011 – 2012
Art Pattern Conservation Center
Cathedral Sioni in Ateni, conservation of stone and plaster – the preliminary study of condition

2011
Art Pattern Conservation Center
Valuation of the condition of the church of Manglisi

2011
Georgian Heritage
Project of the restoration-preservation of the architecture of the church of Tvibi.

July – August, 2010
The Fund for the Protection and Rescuing of Historic Monuments of Georgia, Tbilisi State Academy of Arts
Research Expedition in Racha, Somitso St. George Church

August, 2008
Our Heritage
Expedition in Svaneti, Restoration of ten Tower in Mestia


LANGUAGE SKILLS
Georgian Native
English Fluent
Italian B2
Russian Intermediate


COMPUTER SKILLS
Microsoft Office
AutoCAD
ArchiCAD
Photoshop


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
June, 2010 conference and Workshop “Old Tbilisi Identity and Spirit”


 
Share |
Criterias to contestualize the project
Scale* :
Typology
* : Defining the protection methodology for the complex of
Interdisciplinary character (other interested fields):
Architecture:  
Environment & Territory:
Design:
Other: conservation, restoration, architecture history,

Vote this project:

Project (block 1) - Objectives of the Project*

The complex of “Gogichaant ghele” is located on the right bank of the river Mtkvari in Tori - the historical region of Georgia.
There are several historical building stages on the Ancient settlement. The monument with its architectural structure and building technology is particular. Complex with the artistic value is among the world’s important monuments.
For determining the protection methodology, first of all I tried to understand the function, the date and the building stages. The methodology includes almost the whole complex, but especially the third – the most important terrace.
The complex is situated on the five terraces, but two of them are totally covered up with the earth and disappeared.
There is a little construction on the 1st terrace: 2 “room” with a little yard. Here is a very interesting arch built with the vertically placed big stones (75x55x25) without any mortar.
The building situated on the 2nd terrace is also small one. Nowadays there are only two walls.
The most important part of the complex is situated on the 3rd terrace. With its scale and the artistic style this construction is different from the other parts. There are three building stages. Firth two stages are without the mortar. On the third stage they had built the church in the complex. Only on this part was identified the use of the mortar.
For determining the protection methodology, first of all I tried to understand the function, the date and the building stages. The methodology includes almost the whole complex, but especially the third – the most important terrace.


Project (block 2) : Progress, Methodologies and tools used for the Project*

In my opinion, with its planning structure the first building stage of the complex should have had the living function: the round room with the dome, yard and another two little rooms.

On the second stage the complex became larger: they’ve added some rooms which have the rectangular shape in the plan. The complex after this stage, with its structure became alike the other medieval living complexes in this region.

On the last building stage there was built the church.

So, I’ve determined three building stages. They are different as with the planning structure also with the building style. As to me the periods are:

1. Before the Christianity;

2. Early medieval;

3. Early Christianity period.



The shape of the altar, what is remained from the church is note in the early period of the Christianity in Georgia.

The layer under the church with its building type is similar to the second building stage and if we locate the church among the V-VII centuries, this part must be the before the period.

The first stage of the complex with its shapes seems to be built in the archaic period.



Project (block 3) - Results *

There are several methodology for protection the archaeological monument:

1. Covering up the monument again with the ground;

2. Restoration – reconstruction partly or totally;

3. Conservation.

For protection the complex of “Gogichaant ghele” I’ve chosen the 3rd – conservation method. The other two methods seem to be irrelevant: covering the complex is impossible. And as we haven’t got any materials to have an idea how the architectural form was, the reconstruction is not right method.

There are several problems: on the monument:

1. The water - complex is situated on the slope. So, every time when it’s raining or snowing there’s a problem of the water and the earth brought by it. For this reason it’s necessary to arrange the drains, which will secure the complex to avoid the stream of the water. Also above the domes, under the ground must be done the “clay pavement” to protect them.

2. There is a structural problem on the west wall of the yard. It seems that during the time the weight of the ground made the stones to move: To resolve the problem must be held the work: Return the stones to their place with the help of jeck; Place the stone wedges above the architrave to fix the wall;

3. Another problem is the existing of the biological agents.



As I have mentioned above, there are used two building technique: with mortar and without. For identifying the used materials we have done some analyses together with my professor. Result is that the materials are: stone-local andesite-basalts, mortar – hydraulic lime.

These results helped me to resolve 2 problems: It’s not necessary to project some pavilion or protective construction, because the stone used as the building material is enough resistant. Protect the apse: we can inject the hydraulic lime and this will solve the problem.

On the next stage of the project to make the route easier for the visitors I’ve decided to divide complex into the different zones:

1. Information tables;

2. Parking zone;

3. Camping zone;

4. Visitor’s paths;

5. Resting zone.



It’s true that in my diploma work I have some opinion about the protecting methodology for the complex “Gogichaant ghele”, but it still needs to be researched, and the result may make some type of changes. But, the principles and the methodology for the protection of the monument must be invariable, may be changed only some mechanisms for the interventions.

Other Images

Image5
Image6
Image7
Image8
Image9
Image10