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Project title:
PLAN REVITALIZATION OF THE FORTIFIED GROUP BARBARIGA OF FORTRESS PULA IN CROATIA

Mr&nbspLukasz Kielar
Author
Mr Lukasz Kielar

Working team
Kielar Łukasz

AUTHOR INFORMATION
Full Name:
Lukasz Kielar
City:
Krakow  Country: Poland
Email:  lkielar@gmail.com

Field of study: Conservation and Restoration 
Degree type : 
Five-year Degree
Year of graduation: 
2005


UNIVERSITY INFORMATION

Name:
Cracow University of Technology
Country: Poland Town: Krakow

CURRICULUM
lkielar@gmail.com


 
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Criterias to contestualize the project
Scale* : 20 ar
Typology
* : Plan Revitalization of the Fortified Group Barbariga of Fortress Pula in Croatia
Interdisciplinary character (other interested fields):
Architecture:  
Environment & Territory:
Design:
Other:

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Project (block 1) - Objectives of the Project*

The aim of my degree project was to plan revitalization of the fortified group Barbariga established around 1900, which was the largest and the most modern of all fortified groups of the Fortress Pula. Revitalization is oriented towards introduction of contemporary function, which would not be detrimental for existing historic, cultural and landscape values of the group. Also an important reason for special attention was the fact that the area is situated within the boarders of the National Park Brijuni.
Fortified group Barbariga consists of two main types of objects. The naval type was to protect against the attack from the sea, and the land type was to combat the overland troops. The naval type is impressive in both size and character and hugely attractive even for non-specialized viewer, while objects of the second type bearing some resemblance to objects from Fortress Przemyśl or Kraków( the largest Austo-Hungarian fortress) are mainly the subject of military historians’ research.
The fortifications of Group Barbariga (together with the group Punta Barbariga) formed an independent system of land and coastal fortifications detached from the main ring of the fortress Pola, therefore exceptional in the Fortress defense system.
At present it is natural open-air ethnographic museum of fortification work XIX and of the 20th century, with unique teaching values from tied around stronghold. They influence it:
- clenched, not big not reporting area of keel for properties,
- connecting with oneself two types of the, waterside and land fortification,
- diversity of appearing objects so as, waterside batteries, (which we are dividing for cannon, mortar as well as light Punta Barbarriga appearing in the group), the fort of the defence of the coast, land, armoured forts, points of the resistance, the barracks bunker, the land battery and barracks,
- technical soundness of objects,
- original road infrastructure and unique water,


Project (block 2) : Progress, Methodologies and tools used for the Project*

The project makes use of Barbariga’s characteristic dualities present strongly in climate conditions (Mediterranean on the coast, subtropical on the land) and flora. The analyses, carried out using the method of architectural and landscape units, have shown the great value of coast defence works together with the Benedetto Battery and a huge Fort Forno with its surrounding. At the same time a thorough visibility study (according to the method of integrated registration of fortified landscape) has proven a great visual attraction of the site.

The works carried out at the site accompanied with publications and original plans’ study focused on exploration and identifying of defense objects forming fortified groups of the Austo- Hungarian fortress Pola: Barbariga and Punta Barbariga, together with the posterior overlaying.

The above presentation is an accumulation of two-year examinations which were carried out by members cola scientific „ Architecture militaris ” in the area of the Istria Peninsula, in the area of the ancient Stronghold Pool; into composition which entered for: Katarzyna Adamowska Piotr Bujas Zdenko Dubovecak (Croatia) Łukasz Kielar Joanna Leonowicz) Piotr Leonowicz Konrad Matyjaszek Departures, bvły carried out with summer 2003 and of 2005, UNESCO as part of the program of international summer workshops of architecture organised under the patronage which she initiated and led master inż. Arch. Zofia Mavar, worker of the Ministry of the Culture of the Republic of Croatia.

Project (block 3) - Results *

The main idea was to create an exceptional tourist attraction in form of the semi-natural fortification garden basing on the well preserved fortress road connections and fortification objects. In order to fully use natural and landscape features of Barbariga coast and not to dominate historic structures the decision was made to locate all tourist accommodation in the neighbouring villages, which already now have a great potential as places of holiday lodging.

Research on the fortification roads and both kinds of analyses has led to formulation of the following revitalisation principles:

- A group as a kind of the romantic garden

- Forts and separate objects as ruins and romantic caves

- Little interventions just to adapt the objects for tourists’ visits

- New high standard functions on Fort Forno

- Development of the spatial co-ordination plan for the whole group

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